THEMA: CITES Konferenz
17 Sep 2019 12:00 #567973
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  • Renzo am 17 Sep 2019 12:00
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und noch einen Artikel dazu....

CITES: Curse or Blessing for Wildlife-rich but Poverty Stricken SADC Countries
www.mahohboh.org/cit...cken-sadc-countries/

Renzo
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25 Sep 2019 13:34 #568738
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  • loser am 25 Sep 2019 13:34
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Danke Renzo, da der Artikel tw. etwas unübersichtlich ist, habe ich unten für Interessierte daraus das Abschlussstatement der SADC zum aktuellen CITES-Beschluss extrahiert. Es ist auch hier wiedergegeben:

africasustainablecon...in-the-organisation/
www.dailymaverick.co...olonialism-of-cites/

"At the end of the 18th Conference of the Parties (COP18) to the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Fauna and Flora (CITES), the Tanzanian delegation took the floor to deliver an impassioned declaration on behalf of the 16 nations of the Southern African Development Community. The brief speech is worth quoting in full:
“This Declaration is made to express the grave concern that the SADC Parties mentioned here have with regards to the implementation of this Convention.

“As members of the global multilateral system and democratic, representative governments, we are obliged to ensure that we meet our commitments to all those international agreements and declarations to which we are signatories, as well as responsibilities to our citizens.

“Recognising that CITES is one of the oldest wildlife and trade agreements, we are obliged to give it due consideration but within the context of subsequent and contemporary agreements and declarations to which it bears relevance and to which we are also signatories.

“CITES in its Preamble accepted the principle of: ‘Recognising that peoples and States are and should be the best protectors of their own wild fauna and flora’ and the Convention on Biological Diversity 1992 in Article 3 provides that: ‘States have, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and the principles of international law, the sovereign right to exploit their own resources pursuant to their own environmental policies, and the responsibility to ensure that activities within their jurisdiction or control do not cause damage to the environment of other States or of areas beyond the limits of national jurisdiction.’

“We contend that CITES, in form, substance and implementation, is not aligned with other international agreements of equal weight and arguably greater relevance to the challenges of today. These agreements emphasise the following principles:
sovereignty over the use of national resources;
inclusive, equitable development through the sustainable use of natural resources;
recognising that rural communities living with wildlife have inalienable rights over the use of their resources; and
recognising that in today’s world of rapid changes in climate and land use and the accelerating pace of transformation of wildlife habitat, the survival of wildlife depends on the perceptions and development needs of people living with wildlife.

The way CITES is currently operating is contrary to its founding principles. Today CITES discards proven, working conservation models in favour of ideologically driven anti-use and anti-trade models. Such models are dictated by largely Western non-State actors who have no experience with, responsibility for, or ownership over wildlife resources. The result has been failure to adopt progressive, equitable, inclusive and science-based conservation strategies. We believe this failure has arisen from the domination of protectionist ideology over science decision-making within CITES. (Fettdruck eingefügt)

“This anti-sustainable use and anti-trade ideology now dominates decisions made by many States who are party to CITES. States are increasingly influenced by the dominance both at meetings of the decision-making structures of CITES and in their run-up by protectionist NGOs whose ideological position has no basis in science or experience and is not shared in any way by the Member States of SADC and their people.

“This conservation model is based on entrenched and emotive rhetoric and discourse, backed up by intense lobbying, as opposed to science. Foremost among these motifs now dominating CITES is the unfounded belief that all trade fuels illegal, unsustainable trade, ignoring clear evidence to the contrary.

“Examples of this are the attempts by others to impose new trade restrictions for species that are effectively conserved – and utilised – in our States, such as lions and giraffe, while the real threats in those States where such species are in decline due to habitat loss and human-wildlife conflict continue to go unattended.

“The Southern African countries have observed, with great discomfort, the polarised discussions on African charismatic large mammals at this CoP18. It is very disturbing to see the North/South divide across the African continent rearing its head again.

“We are further concerned that positions of some Parties appear to be based on national political considerations aimed at catering to the interests of national, intensively lobbied constituencies, as opposed to proven, science-based conservation strategies. This undermines the SADC States, on whom the responsibility to manage species falls, and our ability to do so effectively. As it is currently implemented, CITES undermines the rights of people living in rural areas of SADC States to have access to and use in a sustainable manner the natural resources present in their communities that are required to enjoy adequate living conditions and the right to participate in the management of these resources. The consensus expressed through CITES by the majority of States undermines our region in our efforts to secure social and environment justice through the sustainable use of our natural resources. In doing so it is compromising our ability to meet obligations and responsibilities to other multilateral agreements and to our peoples.

“The populations of iconic African wildlife species in our region illustrate the effectiveness of our conservation models. Similar examples of successful conservation outcomes have not been forthcoming under ideologically driven approaches to conservation. Yet, at previous meetings of the Conference of the Parties to CITES, efforts made by us to advance and strengthen the same conservation strategies that have worked so well have been rejected.

“Those who bear no cost of protecting our wildlife, nor bear any consequence for decisions of CITES on our species, vote without any accountability against working conservation models in southern Africa. To this end, we have had to invoke measures such as announcing a dispute, the first time ever in CITES. As members of the global community, we fully appreciate the importance of multilateral negotiations, such as those that take place within CITES, in identifying and collectively working towards solutions for the greater good of humanity.

“We have been committed Parties to CITES since its inception or our accession to it and would wish to remain so. But we can no longer ignore these glaring shortcomings and threats to our national interests and to our commitments to the broader multilateral context. Mr Chairman, the time has come to seriously reconsider whether there are any meaningful benefits from our membership to CITES. I thank you.”
Letzte Änderung: 25 Sep 2019 13:55 von loser.
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04 Nov 2019 12:22 #571913
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  • loser am 25 Sep 2019 13:34
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der von Christian schon unter "Jagdverbot" verlinkte Artikel passt auch hier her:
www.herald.co.zw/sad...rade-restrictions-2/
siehe auch
africasustainablecon...giraffes-and-rhinos/
...ist alles vom selben Autor wie schon weiter oben
siehe auch @ CITES i.A und modus operandi:
www.dailymaverick.co...ervation-no-favours/
Grüße
Es kommt Bewegung rein,
Letzte Änderung: 04 Nov 2019 13:40 von loser.
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11 Nov 2019 10:36 #572536
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zur Info
www.wrsa.co.za/wp-co...e-CITES-feedback.pdf
WRSA ist die nationale Wildlife Ranching Organisation Südafrikas
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20 Nov 2019 18:24 #573356
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  • loser am 25 Sep 2019 13:34
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Tipp für Wien und Umgebung:

Forum Südliches Afrika, 21. November 2019:
Souveränitätsverlust, CITES, Tierschutz NGOs und das Südliche Afrika
Vortrag von Max Abensperg-Traun in der SADOCC-Bibliothek, 19:00
Favoritenstraße 38/18/1, A-1040 Wien
Anfahrt:
U1 Taubstummengasse,
13A Belvederegasse

"Der Vortrag unterstreicht die konkurrenzlose Führungsrolle des Südlichen Afrikas beim Schutz bedrohter Arten, allen voran bei den sogenannten afrikanischen Ikonen. Es wird erklärt, warum diese Erfolge möglich waren bzw. warum das Erreichte durch CITES Beschlüsse und die Involvierung globaler Tierschutzorganisationen mit neokolonialen Artenschutz-Argumenten nicht gewürdigt wird. Durch die Unterminierung bisheriger nationaler Strategien drohen diese Länder zunehmend ihre diesbezügliche Souveränität zu verlieren. Das nützt Tierschutz NGOs, geht aber auf Kosten des Artenschutzes und lokaler Dorfgemeinschaften."

Dr. Max Abensperg-Traun, geboren 1954, war von 1971 bis 1980 Game Ranger und Safari Guide in Zimbabwe. 1990 Doktorat in Ökologie und Naturschutzbiologie an der Universität Perth, Australien; 2003 bis 2019 Leiter der österreichischen CITES Vollzugsbehörde im Bundesministerium für Nachhaltigkeit und Tourismus. Seit März 2019 Konsulent und Teilnehmer für die EU an der 18. Konferenz der Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) in Genf.
Letzte Änderung: 20 Nov 2019 18:25 von loser.
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03 Dez 2019 10:09 #574378
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Die SADC-Staaten hatten angekündigt/empfohlen, gegen die Beschlüsse bei CITES COP18 betr. Elefanten (Elfenbein), Weiße Nashörner (Horn) und Giraffen („Produkte“) gemeinsam Vorbehalt (reservation) anzumelden. Am 26.11.2019 endete die Frist dafür. Hat jemand Informationen oder Quellen, ob das gemacht wurde? Oder ob Namibia, Botswana und Zimbabwe das jeweils national gemacht haben?
Danke und Grüße
Letzte Änderung: 03 Dez 2019 10:09 von loser.
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